The common bed insect, often known as the house bed bug, may be found all throughout the world. These insects are well-adapted to human habitats and prefer temperate climes. In terms of behaviour and appearance, a number of different pests are similar to bed bugs. Magnification and experience differentiating the many species are typically required for proper identification. The bodies of bed bugs are tiny, flat, and oval in form. They don't have wings. Wing pads do not fully develop into functional wings. Although their bodies redden after eating, adults are brown in hue. Bed bugs that are fully developed move slowly and measure 4 to 5 mm in length. Bed bugs are often misunderstood by homeowners as being too tiny to see with the naked eye.
The most active time for bed bugs is at night. During the day, they prefer to hide in places where people sleep. Bed bugs prefer to hide near where they eat, but if necessary, they will travel farther distances in search of food. The bedbugs appear to prefer people, however they may eat other animals and birds as well. They will quickly traverse 5-20 feet from established hiding spots to feed on a host (called harborage).
Bed bugs hide in a number of areas while they are not eating. They can be discovered along the piping, seams, and tags of the mattress and box spring, as well as in gaps in the bed frame and headboard, all around the bed. Because bed bugs are just about the thickness of a credit card, they can fit into even the tiniest of hiding places. A bed bug might be hiding in a crevice that can hold a credit card.
Scratching bed bug bites and failing to keep them clean and disinfected might result in a secondary infection, resulting in further swelling and bleeding. Bed bug bites can cause secondary illnesses in children, the elderly, and anyone with weakened immune systems, especially those who are bedridden.
While cleaning up affected areas might help reduce bedbugs, chemical treatments are typically required to eradicate them.Because using pesticides in your bed and bedroom might be dangerous, it's crucial to choose chemicals that are safe to use in bedrooms.
Treat mattresses and bedding only if the label specifies that they can be used on bedding.