Fleas are parasitic insects that infest the coat and skin of pets. They are little, dark brown insects. Fleas are a frequent external parasite that both dogs and cats suffer from. Adults are blood-hungry, taking up to 15 times their body weight in blood each day. Adult fleas that are present indoors or outside leap on pets, causing them to become afflicted. Adults may readily hitch a ride on a passing dog or cat, or even a human’s shoes and trouser legs, thanks to their capacity to jump vertically up to around 6 inches.
Fleas go through four phases of development: egg, larva, pupa (in a cocoon), and adult. Adult fleas will mate and begin laying eggs in the fur and surrounds of an animal or human host after eating a blood meal. Depending on environmental factors such as temperature and humidity, eggs can hatch in one to 10 days. Fleas like to live with animals, but if it isn’t possible, they will bite people. Adult fleas locate hosts by sensing body heat, movement, movement-induced vibrations, and breathing.
Fleas are simpler to keep out of your house than they are to get rid of. Fleas can be found in carpets, beds, and other areas of the house where pets congregate.
Fleas spread disease-causing pathogens mostly by feeding on hosts or by faecal contamination, which occurs when infected flea faeces are scratched into an open wound.
Vacuum or sweep often. Vacuum your carpets, rugs, and the cushions on your chairs and couches. When you’re done, take the garbage bag outside. Clean bedding, especially pet bedding, using soap and water on a regular basis. Start your home treatment at the same time as your pet’s. This helps interrupt the flea life cycle by keeping all treatments on the same schedule. A registered commercial pest control applicator can assist you in determining which treatments are appropriate for use inside and outside your house. Outdoor treatments should be concentrated on shaded areas and areas where pets spend the most time.